USAIN Home Page

Contact USAIN

Government Relations Main Page

Budget Process

Policy Statement Guidelines

Lobby Congress

State & National Contacts

Annotated Briefing Documents

Related Resources

 

 

Legislative and Government Relations: Legislative Process Flowchart

< BACK to Lobby Process

 

Legislation may begin in either the House or Senate.

Similar proposals are often introduced in both chambers.

 

Measure introduced in House.

 

Measure introduced in Senate.

Measure referred to committee, which holds hearings and reports on the measure to the House

OR

For important measures, special rule reported by the Rules Committee and adopted by the House..

Measure referred to committee, which holds hearings and reports on the measure to the Senate.

Leadership schedules measure for floor consideration.

Leadership schedules measure for floor consideration.

House debates and can amend measure

Senate debates and can amend measure

House passes measure

Senate passes measure

 

Measures must pass both the House and Senate in identical form before being presented to the President

 

One chamber agrees to the other chamber's version

OR

Each chamber appoints members to a conference committee, which reconciles differences and agrees to a conference report

 

OR

House and Senate exchange bill and reach agreement


House approves conference report


Senate approves conference report

 

Legislation presented to the President

 

President signs measure

OR

If President does not sign measure within 10 days

 

OR

President vetoes measure

Measure becomes law

If Congress is in session, measure becomes law

If Congress is not in session, measure does not become law. This is called “pocket veto.”

Measure does not become law unless both chambers override veto by 2/3 majority.

 

Flowchart From Congressional Deskbook by Michael Koempel and Judy Schneider. 2003 The Capitol.Net Inc.

 

BACK to Lobby Process